We have already mentioned the dangers of extreme high humidity (see article on container rain). However, this is not the only risk factor to be taken into account if you choose the cost-effective maritime transport. Probably the last thing you want is to be unable to file a claim for damages due to improper packaging. The basic requirement of sea packaging is to guarantee protection even against external mechanical impacts.
In which cases should you choose the popular maritime transport?
In choosing the ideal mode of transport, the most important factors are time and budget. If speed is less relevant, maritime transport may prove to be a good idea, as it is a cost-effective form of transport. In containers, goods of any type can be loaded. In case of Higher volume / heavier shipments (e.g. machinery, passenger cars), this is the most logical decision. In terms of economic efficiency and sustainability, (see article on sustainability) maritime transport is far superior to other modes of transport… but only if you want to deliver large quantities from A to B or if the destination country is far away.
Risk factors of maritime transport
The movement and moving of goods
You have to take account of the fact that the vessel is heaving and surging on its way, especially if the weather conditions are not very favourable. In the course of maritime transport, there can be several occasions where transshipping of goods may be required. When lifting and moving the contents of the container with forklifts or portal cranes, they are subject to strong mechanical impacts. Therefore, sea packaging must be carefully planned! If there is too much free space or the cargo weight is distributed unevenly in the container, there may be unforeseen consequences!
Long transit time, unpredictability
Maritime transport is much slower than other modes of transport. It could take weeks for the goods to reach their destination. Tracking the shipment is cumbersome especially if routes and timetables need to be changed. “Better Late Than Never!” – This phrase in logistics, unfortunately, does not hold up under any circumstances. If the ship is delayed due to a major storm or overcrowding in the ports, it may result in additional costs (for example, due to extended storage times).
Because a lot of time goes by from the start of delivery to final delivery, it is even more important to use proper packaging.
Safe and resistant sea packaging – 5 simple tips
#1 When using consolidated containers you don’t know what cargo you’ll be sharing your space with. In such cases, it is particularly important to use strong (5 or 7 layers) cardboard boxes in perfect condition.
#2 In case of FCL transport weight should be evenly distributed on the floor. Make sure that the entire area of the container is covered.
#3 Correct packaging and labelling draws the attention of the handling staff to restrictions on cargo (e.g. no stacking).
#4 The packaging and space-filling, padding materials must be moisture resistant.
#5 A good solution for stable support of the shipment is the inflatable dunnage bag, which eliminates empty spaces.
Would you like to learn more about safe sea packaging?
Would you buy massive cardboard boxes and high-end space-filling materials?
Do you need help to secure your cargo in containers?